Speech vs. Language Disorders
A speech disorder involves a physical aspect of communicating. The physical parts of
Articulation- the actual production of sounds for speaking
Articulation disorders can be difficulty producing just
a few sounds, difficulty producing sounds in certain
words or places in words, difficulty pronouncing
words in phrases, not producing speech sounds
or speech that is very hard to understand.
Articulation difficulties can also be seen in patterns of
errors such as leaving the ends off words, deleting
syllables, substituting sounds
There are many of these patterns and they can be
refered to as phonological processes
Articulation difficulties can result from difficulties with
mouth movements, mouth deformities, hearing loss
or language delays.
Voice- the vibration of the voice box which creates the quality
Voice disorders can be in loudness, quality such as chronic
hoarseness and resonance such as a nasal sounding voice.
Voice disorders can be a result of damage to the vocal
folds(cords) or consistent abuse to the vocal folds.
Fluency- the rhythm and stress patterns of connected speech.
Fluency disorders result in stuttering or stammering.