Speech disorders are diagnosed by evaluation by a speech language pathologist.
A child's age, language skills, oral motor skills (how they can use the muscles of
their tongue and mouth) and developmental history are all considered in an assessment
and used to develop a treatment plan.
Treatment for an articulation disorder (difficulty producing sounds or words) depends
on the child's individual skills and causes of difficulty. Since speech and language are
interlinked so strongly, we try to use language rich activities as we work on speech
skills. This provides valuable practice with communicating and helps a child use
new speech skills in their everyday life.
Speech therapy is carried out through one-on-one therapy sessions with the child, parent
education, strategies to carry over skills into everyday life and ongoing adjustment of
goals based on a child's progress and needs.
Therapy sesions are one-on-one and designed to be interesting, fun and focused on the
particular child's needs. Familiar and novel activities are used to address specific skills
and learn to incorporate them into everyday communication.
Treatment for articulation may include:
Auditory Training- learning to listen to sounds and words and recognize
the difference between sounds and when they 'sound right'
Phonological Awareness Activities- learning to recognize and correct a
specific speech pattern
Oral Motor Exercises- special exercises designed to increase the strength
and movements of the mouth and tongue muscles
Practice, Practice, Practice- using pictures, words and language games to
increase the use of certain sounds or patterns
Home Activities- things to work on at home and ways to help your child
use their new skills every day